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Canadian Economy

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Canadian Economy

While Canada ranks among the top ten manufacturing nations, it is also experiencing tremendous growth in the high technology and services industries. Its economy is increasingly diversified and knowledge-based. No longer relying exclusively on natural resources, Canada's economy is growing through innovation and technology.

Throughout 2002 and into 2003, Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew faster than any other G8 country and employment was strong. Canada's GDP grew 2.9% in 2005. Employment was also strong, interest rates reached record lows, and inflation remained low and stable.

Most of Canada's manufacturing industry is in Ontario and Québec, where motor vehicle production comprises the largest sector within this industry. Other important manufacturing sectors include food and beverages, paper and allied products, primary metals, fabricated metals, petrochemicals and chemicals.

The Atlantic, Prairie and Pacific regions of Canada have more natural resource-based economies. The Atlantic provinces focus on fishing, forestry and mining, while Prairie provinces are dependent on agriculture and mineral fuels. British Columbia's primary sectors are forestry and mining, as well as tourism.

Major Exports: automobile vehicles and parts, machinery and equipment, high-technology products, oil, natural gas, metals, and forest and farm products.

Major Imports: machinery and industrial equipment including communications and electronic equipment, vehicles and automobile parts, industrial materials (metal ores, iron and steel, precious metals, chemicals, plastics, cotton, wool and other textiles), along with manufactured products and food.

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